Acne affects almost all teenagers during puberty. It is a disease of the hair follicles of the face, chest, and back. Although bacteria plays a role in its development but it is not caused by bacteria. For some women, it is not unusual to develop acne in their mid- to late-20s.
Acne appears on the skin as:
occluded pores which are also known as blackheads or whiteheads,
tender red bumps which are also known as pimples or zits,
pustules containing pus, and occasionally as
cysts i.e. deep pimples.
Acne is caused by no one factor. It occurs at the time of puberty when sebaceous glands attached to the hair follicles are stimulated or due to other hormonal changes. A natural substance known as Sebum (oil) lubricates and protects the skin. Associated with increased oil production is a change in the manner in which the skin cells mature, predisposing them to plug the follicular pore. The plug then appear as a whitehead if it is covered by a thin layer of skin and if it is exposed to the air, the darker exposed portion of the plug is called a “blackhead.” The plugged hair follicle gradually enlarges start producing a bump. As the follicle enlarges, it may rupture the wall, allowing irritating substances and normal skin bacteria access into the deeper layers of the skin and ultimately producing inflammation. Inflammation near the surface of the skin produces a pustule; deeper inflammation results in a pimple and if the inflammation is deeper still, it forms a cyst.
Food: Parents often tell teens to avoid fast foods like burger, pizza, greasy and fried foods, and junk food. These foods may not be good for overall health, they don’t cause acne or make it worse.
Dirt: Blackheads are oxidized oil, not dirt at all. Sweat does not cause acne and is produced by totally separate glands in the skin. On the other hand, excessive washing can dry and irritate the skin.
Stress: Some people get so upset due to their pimples that they pick at them and make them last longer. Stress, however, does not play a direct role in causing acne.
The following may be contributing factors in occasional patients:
Heredity: If one of your parents had severe acne, it is quiet possible that your acne will be more difficult to control.
Pressure: In some patients, pressure from helmets, collars, chin straps, suspenders etc. can aggravate acne.
Drugs: Some medications may cause or worsen acne like medicines containing iodides, bromides, or oral or injected steroids or the steroids that bodybuilders or athletes sometimes take.However, most cases of acne are not drug related.
Occupations: In some occupations, exposure to industrial products like cutting oils may produce acne.
Cosmetics: Some cosmetics and products are pore clogging . It is important to read the list of ingredients and choose those which have water listed first or second if one is concerned about acne problem. These “water-based” products are usually the best for those with acne.
Ways to get rid of acne problem:
There are two ways to get rid of this acne problem which are as follows:
By changing lifestyle:
2. Do not touch your face
3.Eat healthy food
4.Drink plenty of water
5.Sleep at least for 8 hours
6.Relax your body and mind
7.Use oil-free makeup
8.Regularly use Sunscreen lotion
Treating at home:
1. Wash your face daily with a pH balanced cleanser.
2.Apply essential oils like Neem oil and tea tree oil to active pimples.
3.Use products with Benzoyl Peroxide over acne prone areas.
4.Use a skin toner after cleansing.
5.Always apply a moisturizer.
All these are the various steps that can be followed easily.And if there is no good result found then definitely consult a dermatologist for further medical treatment.